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如何写好一篇研究论文

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在国外留学的时候要写论文作业特别是英语格式下的论文很是麻烦,为了帮助大家美伦小编在这里为大家发表这篇如何写好研究论文,不仅有中文版本,还有英语版本帮助大家写好论文作业。

如何写好研究论文

确定研究课题

确定是否需要拿出你自己的主题。在很多情况下,你的研究课题将通过你的指导老师分配给你。如果这是你真实的,你可以简单地在process.However的下一阶段移动,如果你的任务的确切话题是一个开放的,你将需要花一些时间来找出你的研究论文的话题。

选择适合的赋值参数的话题。即使话题是一个开放的,你仍然有可能对主题的一些限制,你choose.Your主题必须与你正在服用的类,并具体分配给您提供。例如,你的话题可能都需要进行相关的东西,覆盖在你的演讲。或者,你的题目可能需要有一些做的法国大革命。请确保您了解什么是被要求的你,让你的研究课题是相关的。

例如,您的微生物学教授会不会希望在启蒙运动的理念,一个了不起的研究论文。同样,如果你的手在大约杰夫·凡德尔米尔一篇文章的美国文学讲师谁问你写F.斯科特·菲茨杰拉德也不会开心。保持专注和相关性。

使相关主题,您感兴趣的列表。一旦你理解了分配的参数,你就可以开始头脑风暴适合这些参数可能的议题。这可能是一个很大的话题会立刻打你。它更有可能,但是,你将需要花一些时间解决你的特定主题之前,集思广益。请确保你的潜在的主题是你感兴趣的所有的人:你将不得不花大量的时间研究这个问题,如果你喜欢它的任务将会更加愉快。为了集思广益有趣的话题,您可以:

通过你的课程文字和讲义一目了然。那里是抓住你的注意力的主题?你有没有突出你的书的段落,因为你想了解更多?这些可能是优秀的线索指向你的话题。

考虑最多的,到目前为止你喜欢哪些具体的阅读作业。他们可能会导致你的话题。

有一个关于你的课程的同学交谈。谈论什么激发您(或什么不激发你),并使用它作为一个起点。

定居在一个试探性的话题。您进行了精彩的主题列表后,花点时间来看看他们。是否有任何你跳出来?你注意到任何模式?例如,如果您的列表中有一半与第一次世界大战武器装备的事,这是一个很好的迹象,这是你的兴趣所在。要考虑的选择试探性的话题其他的事情包括:

其相关的分配。是否适合所有任务参数?

研究材料对主题的可用金额。你可以相当肯定,有丰富的提供了有关中世纪法国修道院发布的信息。但是,可能没有很多关于可用的方式在克利夫兰天主教神父到说唱音乐出版的回应材料。

如何缩小您的研究课题必须是。一些研究论文的任务非常具体:例如,您可能会被要求研究单个对象的历史记录(如飞碟)。其他种类的研究论文的任务是相当广泛的,比如如果你被要求调查妇女参与战争的方式。它帮助,如果你的话题是足够窄,你不会完全被淹没的信息,但足够宽泛,让你与你的resources.For例如有意义地参与,你就不能写一个好的10页的纸张上的话题“第二次世界大战。”这是过于宽泛,而且势不可挡。你可能会,但是,能够写上好的10页的论文“如何芝加哥的报纸描绘了第二次世界大战。”

轻轻阅读1-2小时暂定话题。之前,你有一个明确的主题解决,它不会让你感觉在任何深度阅读研究资料。这将是浪费时间。然而,这有利于做轻读的只是一点点对你的话题,以确保它是可行的。你可能会发现你的暂定议题过于宽泛或过于狭窄,或者你可能会发现,你的试探性主题将不允许你做出有意义的贡献。阅读您的暂定主题后,您可以:

决定暂定话题是可行的,追求它

决定你的暂定主题需要一些调整

决定这个问题是完全不可行,并从清单中测试出另一个话题暂定

由你的导师运行你的研究课题。许多教师和助教都乐意提供建议给那些写研究论文。如果你不能确定你的题目是否是一个很好的,你的导师之一,或许能指导你。你的导师将可能有你参加的办公时间,这将让你谈谈你的论文的想法。

这也是在写作过程中跟你的教练早,所以你可以把他们约到哪里寻找资源或如何构建你的论文的建议是一个好主意。

请记住,准备和表达,当你与你的论文题目导师见面。他们会希望你有仔细想过你的主题,并与他们见面之前你的想法。

Determining a Research Topic

Determine whether you need to come up with your own topic. In many cases, your research topic will be assigned to you by your instructor. If this is true for you, you can simply move on the the next stage in the process.However, if your assignment’s exact topic is an open one, you will need to take some time to figure out the topic of your research paper.

Choose a topic that fits the assignment parameters. Even if the topic is an open one, you will still likely have some limitations on the topic you choose.Your topic must be relevant to the class you are taking and to the specific assignment you were given. For example, your topic might need to be related to something that was covered in your lecture. Or your topic might need to have something to do with the French Revolution. Make sure that you understand what is being asked of you so that your research topic is relevant.

For example, your microbiology professor will not want a terrific research paper on the philosophy of the Enlightenment. Similarly, an American literature instructor who asked you to write about F. Scott Fitzgerald will not be happy if you hand in an essay about Jeff van der Meer. Stay focused and relevant.

Make a list of relevant topics that are interesting to you. Once you have understood the assignment’s parameters, you can begin brainstorming possible topics that fit those parameters. It is possible that a great topic will hit you instantly. It is more likely, however, that you will need to take some time to brainstorm before settling on your specific topic. Be sure that your potential topics are all ones that you find interesting: you will have to spend a lot of time researching this subject, and the task will be more pleasant if you enjoy it. In order to brainstorm interesting topics, you can:

Glance through your course texts and lecture notes. Where there any topics that grabbed your attention? Did you highlight any passages in your book because you wanted to learn more? These might be excellent cues to point you to a topic.

Consider which specific reading assignments you have enjoyed the most so far. They might lead you to a topic.

Have a conversation with a classmate about your course. Talk about what excites you (or what doesn’t excite you), and use that as a jumping-off point.

Settle on a tentative topic. After you have made your list of exciting topics, take a moment to look at them. Are there any that jump out at you? Do you notice any patterns? For example, if half of your list has to do with weaponry of the First World War, that is a good indication that that is where your interests lie. Other things to consider as you choose a tentative topic include:

Its relevance to the assignment. Does it fit all assignment parameters?

The amount of research material available on the topic. You can be pretty sure that there is a wealth of published information available about medieval French monasteries. However, there might not be a lot of published material available about the way Catholic priests in Cleveland respond to rap music.

How narrow your research topic must be. Some research paper assignments are very specific: for example, you might be asked to research the history of a single object (like the Frisbee). Other kinds of research paper assignments are quite broad, such as if you are asked to survey the way women are involved in warfare. It helps if your topic is narrow enough that you will not be completely overwhelmed by information but broad enough to allow you to engage meaningfully with your resources.For example, you will not be able to write a good 10-page paper on the topic of “World War II.” That is too broad and overwhelming. You might, however, be able to write a good 10-page paper on “How Chicago’s Newspapers Depicted World War II.”

Read lightly about the tentative topic for 1-2 hours. Before you have settled on a definite topic, it does not make sense for you to read research materials in any kind of depth. That would be a waste of time. However, it is helpful to do just a little bit of light reading on your topic to make sure that it is viable. You might discover that your tentative topic is too broad or too narrow, or you might discover that your tentative topic will not allow you to make a meaningful contribution. After reading about your tentative topic, you can:

Decide that the tentative topic is viable and pursue it

Decide that your tentative topic requires some tweaking

Decide that this topic is completely unviable, and test out another tentative topic from your list

Run your research topic by your instructor. Many instructors and teaching assistants are happy to provide suggestions to those writing research papers. If you are not certain whether your topic is a good one, one of your instructors might be able to guide you. Your instructor will likely have office hours for you to attend, which will allow you to talk about your paper ideas.

It is also a good idea to talk to your instructors early in the writing process so that you can take their advice about where to look for resources or how to structure your paper.

Remember to be prepared and articulate when you meet with an instructor about your paper topic. They will want you to have thought carefully about your topic and your ideas before meeting with them.

 

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