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高分NARRATIVE ESSAY写作技巧

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高分NARRATIVE ESSAY怎么写?高效记叙文写作技巧为你们参考
记叙文通过讲述故事巧妙地引导读者,而不是像修辞性论文那样抨击现实,说明问题。你可以通过以下技巧来改进记叙文写作:

(1)清晰的思路

复杂的单词和语法无法使读者流畅阅读你的论文,应该尽量避免。你的思路和想法应该清楚地分布在句子和段落之间,例如:

原句:Although I have never been to the races before, I was very excited to behold them, yet also somewhat nervous, because of the type of people who go there.

修改后:I’d never been to a horse race. I was excited to go, but also a little nervous, since I wasn’t sure about the people at the track.

修改后的句子并没有改变原句的含义:“我从未参加过赛马,很兴奋但也有点紧张,因为我不了解一起赛马的选手。”,但是句子更加简练易懂。

(2) 不要过多地描述故事发展的每一个细节

原句:As I went in the door,I turned and saw a TV.I looked around and saw posters on the all.As I went further in I noticed everyone was watching M*A*S*H.

修改后:I immediately noticed the posters on the wall, though every else’s eyes were focused on a TV playing M*A*S*H.

这个句子想表达的意思是“我注意到了墙上的海报,但是其他人都在目不转睛地看《风流医生俏护士》。”,不需要详尽地描述每一个动作,这样会使句子变的繁荣枯燥。

(3) 不要使用第二人称叙述

记叙文讲述的是作者亲身经历的事情,这就是为什么通常使用第一人称而不是其他人称来切换视角讲述别人的经历。

(4) 为了吸引读者,多元化的用语是关键

你可以使用俚语、成语、习语、流行语等去丰富你的论文,吸引读者的兴趣。例如:

原句:I am presented an array of unpleasant photos in which many casualties are shown after automobile accidents.

修改后:They showed me a book stuffed with gruesome pictures of people who’d been in car wrecks.

修改后的句子在没有改变原句意义的前提下,用更加简练委婉,容易让人接受的表达方式,说明他看到了一本书,里面都是遭遇车祸人的可怕照片。

(5)有限的引用

现代语言协会(MLA)建议在留学论文写作中包含引用,但在记叙文中要避免格式化的引用。如果某篇文章对你有帮助,请在论文之后的参考书目中引用。边写边解释,而不是试图让读者回想起前面的陈述。

原句:When I first saw the comic book fans jumping up and down, I thought as they would, “Lord, what fools these mortals be” (Gaiman 1989.) I later learned why they do this.

修改后:The fans jump up and down. When I first saw this, I wondered what they were doing and my mind conjured a quote from Shakespeare that Neil Gaiman used in his“Sandman”: “Lord, what fools these mortals be.”However, I watched a bit longer and realized the company spokesmodels were throwing free merchandise. The fans wanted to get the most from their day at the convention.

原句中直接引用了尼尔·盖曼漫画中的内容,而修改后的句子解释了作者看到粉丝们兴奋的上蹿下跳的场景,从而间接引用尼尔·盖曼在《睡魔》中的一句话,交代了引用的前后语境。

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—— zhouzhengmao

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