Describing purpose of testing/methods used
✦ In order to identify / understand / investigate / study / analyze X … To enable/allow us to … , we …
✦ To see / determine / check / verify / determine whether …
✦ To control/test for X, Y was done.
✦ So that we could / would be able to do X, we … In an attempt/effort to do X, we …
✦ X was done / We did X in order to …
Outlining similarities with other authors’ models, systems etc
✦ The set up we used can be found/is reported/is detailed in [Ref 2].
✦ Our experimental set up bears a close resemblance to / is reminiscent of / is based on / is a variation on / was inspired by / owes a lot to / is more or less identical to / is practically the same as the one proposed by Smith .
✦ We used a variation of Smith’s procedure. In fact / Specifically, in our procedure we …
✦ Our steps proceed very much in the same way as / follow what is indicated in [Ref. 2]. First, … The procedure used is as described/explained/reported/proposed by Sakamoto .
✦ The method is in line with a variation of / essentially the same as that used by Kirk  with some changes/modifications/alterations/adjustments.
✦ We refined / altered / adapted / modified / revised the method used / reported / suggested / explained/ proposed / put forward by Bing .
✦ Our technique was loosely / partially / partly / to some extent based on … More details can be found/are given in our previous paper .
✦ This component is fully compliant with international norms/regulations/standards.
Describing the apparatus and materials used and their source
✦ The instrument used / utilized / adopted / employed was …
✦ The apparatus consists of / is made up of / is composed of / is based on …
✦ The device was designed/developed/set up in order to …
✦ X incorporates / exploits / makes use of the latest technological advances.
✦ The system comes complete / is equipped/is fully integrated/is fitted with
✦ It is mounted on / connected to / attached to / fastened to / fixed to / surrounded by / covered with / integrated into / embedded onto / encased in / housed in / aligned with …
✦ It is located in / situated in / positioned on ….
✦ X was obtained from / supplied by Big Company Inc. X was kindly provided/supplied by Prof Big.
Reporting software used
✦ The software application / program / package used to analyze the data was SoftGather (Softsift plc, London).
✦ The data were obtained / collected using SoftGather.
✦ Data management / analysis was performed by / using SoftGather.
✦ X was carried out / performed / analyzed / calculated / determined using SoftGather. Statistical significance was analyzed by using / through the use of SoftGather.
✦ We used commercially available software / a commercially available software package.
✦ Free software, downloaded from www.pnstudy.com, was used / adopted to