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怎么写Argumentative Essay附模板范例

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Argumentative Essay是一种很常见的文体,尤其在高中和大学中,老师通常会布置议论文写作的方式,来测试学生对于某事件,或者某问题的理解和观点。议论文的的话题也比较广泛,通常涉及到自然科学、政治、经济、健康和社会生活的各个领域。议论文与其他叙述类论文文体不同,议论文有很强的说服目的。作者在议论文中提出对某事件或某问题的观点,并通过一些证据来支撑其观点,最终达到使读者认同并支持其观点的目的。今天就来具体聊一聊如何才能写出令人印象深刻的Argumentative Essay。

一篇好的Argumentative Essay通常有以下几个部分:介绍段,主题句,主体论证段,结论段。由于Argumentative Essay本身的自带的“说服”功能,就要求其行文观点明确,内容简洁流畅,结构清晰,证据表达充分。只要能够符合以上几点的要求,就是一篇比较完整的,能够令人信服的Argumentative Essay。

1.介绍段和主题句

Argumentative Essay首段一般为议论文的介绍段,虽然只占论文整体非常小的一部分,但是却起着举足轻重的作用。在介绍段当中,作者会阐述事件或问题的背景,提供一些相关的信息,并对于事件或问题发表一些讨论,阐明事件或问题的广泛性,以及事件或问题的可调研性,并在此基础上,提出自己的独到见解。这一部分的作用主要是抛出话题,吸引读者的注意力,并提供相关的背景知识。介绍段中另一个重磅部分为主题句。Argumentative Essay顾名思义,注重对事件的论证。那么论证部分是一篇议论文的核心,其他所有的环节都是在为论证提供辅助作用。议论文的论证始于其主题句。主题句的作用是针对事件提出最核心的观点,表达上要精准,最好能够思想深刻,并与读者产生思想上的共鸣。主题句一般出现在议论文的第一段,也就是介绍段当中,需要与介绍段中的背景内容有机的融合起来。可以说主题句是全文的重中之重,因为主题句会以各种形式贯穿全文,不断的为读者强化作者的思想。

2.主体段

一般情况下Argumentative Essay主体部分分为三段。每段都有各自的分论点来支撑作者的主要观点。提出分论点之后,需要根据分论点给出相应的论据,来解释说明分论点。注意三段的分论点要各不相同,不要有重叠。论据部分一定要有说服力,最好用“事实”说话。证据可以是数据,科研成果,案例等。针对于分论点,还可以采用反向证明的方式来进行论证,这样保证每个角度都可以涉及到,从而确保文章在论证上的严谨性。

3.结论段

一篇好的Argumentative Essay,在结尾处需要有一个强有力的结论段来总结前文。切记,结论段需要深度总结并强调前文中所提及的观点,而不要提供任何新的论据或信息。在结论段出,也可以通过讲述自己的个人经历或一些于论点相关的哲理小故事来丰富文章的个人色彩,这样也使得文章的真实性有所提升,更能打动读者,使得读者产生情感上的共鸣,从而使文章具有强大的说服力。

好的Argumentative Essay,是能够用自己的观点和论据使人信服的,如果读者通过阅读你的文章,触发了对事件的兴趣并希望更深入的去了解或研究事件,那么毫无疑问,这篇Argumentative Essay一定是成功的。

下面我们来一起欣赏一篇Argumentative Essay范文,去细细品味议论文强大的说服力。

As on line learni ng becomes more comm on and more and more resources are converted to digital form, some people have suggested that public libraries should be shut down and, in their place, every one should be given an iPad with an e-reader subscripti on.

Proporients of this idea state that it will save local cities and tow ns money because libraries are expensive to maintain. They also believe it will encourage more people to read because they won’t have to travel to a library to get a book; they can simply click on what they want to read and read it from wherever they are・ They could also access more materials because libraries won’t have to buy physical copies of books; they can simply rent out as many digital copies as they need.

However, it would be a serious mistake to replace libraries with tablets. First, digital books and resources are associated with less learning and more problems than print resources・ A study done on tablet vs book reading found that people read 20-30% slower on tablets, retain 20% less information, and understand 10% less of what they read compared to people who read the same informatio n in print. Additi on ally, staring too long at a screen has been show n to cause numerous health problems, including blurred vision, dizziness, dry eyes, headaches, and eye strain, at much higher instances than reading print does. People who use tablets and mobile devices excessively also have a higher incidenee of more serious health issues such as fibromyalgia, shoulder and back pain, carpal tunnel syndrome, and muscle strain. I know that whenever I read from my e-reader for too long, my eyes begin to feel tired and my neck hurts. We should not add to these problems by giving people, especially young people, more reasons to look at screens.

Second, it is in credibly n arrow-mi nded to assume that the only service libraries offer is book lending. Libraries have a multitude of benefits, and many are only available if the library has a physical locati on. Some of these benefits in elude acti ng as a quiet study space, giving people a way to converse with their neighbors, holding classes on a variety of topics, providing jobs, an swering patr on questi ons, and keeping the comm unity conn ected ・ One n eighborhood found that, after a local library instituted community events such as play times for toddlers and parents, job fairs for teenagers, and meeting spaces for senior citizens, over a third of residents reported feeli ng more con nected to their comm unity. Similarly, a Pew survey conducted in 2015 found that nearly two-thirds of American adults feel that closing their local library would have a major impact on their comm unity. People see libraries as a way to conn ect with others and get their questions an swered, ben efits tablets can’t offer n early as well or as easily.

While replacing libraries with tablets may seem like a simple solution, it would encourage people to spend even more time looking at digital screens, despite the myriad issues surro unding them .It would also end access to many of the ben efits of libraries that people have come to rely on. In many areas, libraries are such an importa nt part of the comm unity network that they could never be replaced by a simple object.

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